TODAY IN HISTORY
On This Day in:
1712 – A slave revolt broke out in New York City.
1798 – The territory of Mississippi was organized.
1862 – Union General Ulysses S. Grant defeated Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh, TN.
1864 – The rst camel race in America was held in Sacramento, California.
1888 – P.F. Collier published a weekly periodical for the rst time under the name “Collier’s.”
1922 – U.S. Secretary of Interior leased Teapot Dome naval oil reserves in Wyoming.
1927 – The rst long-distance TV transmission was sent from Washington, DC, to New York City. The audience saw an image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover.
1930 – The rst steel columns were set for the Empire State Building.
1933 – Prohibition ended in the United States.
1940 – Booker T. Washington became the rst black to be pictured on a U.S. postage stamp.
1943 – British and American armies linked up between Wadi Akarit and El Guettar in North Africa to form a solid line against the German army.
1945 – The Japanese battleship Yamato, the world’s largest battleship, was sunk during the battle for Okinawa. The _eet was headed for a suicide mission.
1948 – The musical “South Pacic” by Rogers and Hammerstein debuted on Broadway.
1948 – The United Nations’ World Health Organization began operations.
1953 – The Big Four met for the rst time in 2 years to seek an end to their air con_icts.
1953 – IBM unveiled the IBM 701 Electronic Data Processing Machine. It was IBM’s rst commercially available scientic computer.
1957 – The last of New York City’s electric trolleys completed its nal run from Queens to Manhattan.
1963 – At the age of 23, Jack Nicklaus became the youngest golfer to win the Green Jacket at the Masters Tournament.
1963 – Yugoslavia proclaimed itself a Socialist republic.
1963 – Josip Broz Tito was proclaimed to be the leader of Yugoslavia for life.